In grammar a Verb Tense is a form of a verb used to indicate roughly the time when the action described by the verb takes place. Here we talk about 3 basic tenses: Past, Present and Future. (Some people talk about more than 3, however.)
Compare this with Verb Form which is the form of a verb in a particular tense, e.g. present simple, present continuous, etc.
For more, see Verb Tenses & Forms in English Grammar.
A Participle is a form of a verb. There are two participles:
present participle: -ing, e.g. walking, thinking
past participle: -ed, e.g. walked, thought
For more, see Participles in English Grammar.
Verbs tell us about an action; they are sometimes called doing words or action words. Verbs describe what is happening:
run, walk, read, talk
For more, see Verbs in English Grammar,
A Noun is a major part of speech; a good, general, definition of a noun is that it is something which is used to name an object or thing:
car, door, elephant...
For more, see Nouns in English Grammar.
The Bare Infinitive is the base form of the verb:
be, have, walk...
The Full Infinitive has to at the beginning:
to be, to have, to walk...
Both are known as the Infinitive.
For more, see Infinitives in English Grammar.
An Adjective is a word we use to describe a noun:
big, red, boring book
For more, see Adjectives in English Grammar.
A Participle is a form of a verb. In English there are two participles:
- Present Participle
- Past Participle
We use the participles to help form different verb tenses. For example in this first example we use just the basic verb form known as the infinitive:
In these two examples we have used the two participles (highlighted) to form new verb tenses:
I was walking.
I have walked.
The Present Participle
The present participle is usually made by adding -ing to the end of the infinitive.
We use the present particle to form the continuous tenses:
He is sleeping.
They were laughing.
It can also be used as an adjective or nouns in some cases.
The Past Participle
The past participle is usually made by adding -ed to the infinitive:
The past participle is used to form the perfect tenses:
We have walked these hills many times.
He has slept for 18 hours!
The past participle can also sometimes be used as a noun.
Present Participle in English Grammar – more detail on this verb form.
Past Participles in English Grammar – more detail on this verb form.
Verb Tenses & Forms in English Grammar – the title says it all.Image © geezaweezer