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Affixes in English

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The building blocks of words.

An affix is a morpheme‏‎ that is attached to a root‏‎ (or stem) of a word‎ to form another word.

For example, take the word reason and add two affixes:

un + reason + able

Prefixes and suffixes are common types of affixes.

A prefix is an affix which is placed before a root.

un + kind = unkind

re + act = react

mis + lay = mislay

A suffix is an affix which is placed after a root.

reason + able = reasonable

look + ing = looking

danger + ous = dangerous

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