TESOL or Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages is usually used to talk about teaching English to people who do not already speak English. It's more commonly used by American teachers.
For more, see TESOL - Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages.
A TEFL Certificate is the basic qualification to teach English to non-native speakers. Good ones are usually 120hrs and cover teaching methodology, classroom management, lesson preparation and so on.
For more, see TEFL Certificates.
A Private Lesson or One-to-One or 1-to-1 lesson outside the normal school. It is usually 1 teacher and 1 student (but sometimes 2 or 3 students).
For more, see Private English Lessons.
The EU or European Union is a collection of European countries; easy for British and Irish teachers to work there, more difficult for those without an EU passport.
For more, see Teaching English in the European Union.
TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Simply put, this is usually used to talk about teaching English to people who live in a non-English speaking country and who want to learn English for business or to take an exam, etc.
It is pretty much equivalent to TESOL and TESL.
For more, see TEFL - Teaching English as a Foreign Language.
TEFL/TESOL in Hungary
English language schools in Hungary usually require applicants to hold a TEFL certificate such as the ICAL TEFL Certificate and have at least one year’s teaching experience. However less qualified native English speakers can still find work, albeit for a lower pay.
Hungary is one of those countries where being already on the spot pays off when it comes to finding employment. Teaching opportunities are not usually advertised online and finding work from abroad is not so easy.
Having said that, some language schools have their own website and can be contacted online.
Walking in on a school on spec is often the best way to find work, though. The phone directory is a good source of school addresses and so is the classifieds section in the local papers although you will need a basic knowledge of Hungarian (or a Hungarian friend) to check these out.
Budapest has the highest concentration of private language schools in the country but the smaller cities and mid-size towns also have schools and are worth checking out also if you prefer quieter towns.
The best time to look for work is in early to mid-September, this is when the schools open up again after the summer break. Job openings can also be found after Christmas, this is when some contract teachers decide to leave and the school is left with an unexpected vacancy.
At the interview a fairly formal approach is advisable. A willingness to better your teaching skills or to adjust to the teaching methods of that particular school along with some knowledge of Hungarian will go a long way towards securing that job! Most schools will want to see you in action before offering you a teaching contract, and will often ask you to undergo a trial teaching session, usually between 1 to 2hrs.
Pay & Conditions
Hourly pay varies from <?php $base_curr = EUR; $base_amount = 2; include ‘arathra/currconvert.php'; ?> to <?php $base_curr = EUR; $base_amount = 8; include ‘arathra/currconvert.php'; ?> which is often quite good by local standards. It is common for teachers to work in more than one school at a time and also give private lessons to make up for a full-time schedule. Teachers working 20 hours per week on average make around HUF 150,000 or <?php $base_curr = EUR; $base_amount = 510; include ‘arathra/currconvert.php'; ?> which is enough to live on comfortably.
Most teaching contracts require only that you give one month notice before leaving. Some well established schools will help you get your work permit, others will consider only applicants who hold a local freelance license. Of course, there are also teachers who work without all the legal papers required.
As for accommodation, not all schools offer assistance with this, so you might have to go through an estate agent or rely on Classified Ads. Overall the type of accommodation you will find is of good standard.