According to the Lonely Planet Guide, Kazakhstan is the ideal country for those who "enjoy remoteness, wide open spaces, lunar landscapes, long hypnotic train rides and horse sausage!"
With a size comparable to that of Western Europe, the Republic of Kazakhstan is the ninth largest nation in the world, extending east to west from the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains, and north to south from the plains of Western Siberia to the oasis and desert of Central Asia.
Kazakhstan gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. However the bureaucracy and red tape typical of the Soviet nations still remains.
Oil and gas is the leading economic sector and Kazakhstan is a very healthy nation, financially speaking. So much so that in 2000 it became the first former Soviet republic to repay all of its debt to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) - seven years ahead of schedule!
Astana is the official capital but Almaty (capital city till 1998) remains the largest city in Kazakhstan with a population of approx. 1.5 million, and the most fun!
Many people understand and/or speak English but don’t expect to find a wealth of information in English.
The cost of living in Almaty, Astana and Atyrau is very high. Rental prices are also expensive. However foreign English teachers working in private schools do earn well.
A base salary starts at $30,000 and you should try to get it paid outside the country, whenever possible.
Free accommodation and paid for round trip are standard practice and you should make sure they are included in your contract. Particularly, given that both apartments to let and air tickets are usually very expensive.
A year contract is standard but you may also find schools that are happy to hire you for a shorter period. If this is your first time in the country, you may want to avoid committing to more than a year to start with.
Employers usually help sorting out visas for their teachers but you should make sure this is done in advance. The government is very strict on visas.
To enter the country a valid passport and visa are required.
As of February 2004, an invitation is no longer required for single-entry business and tourist visas, but multiple-entry visas require an invitation from an individual or organizational sponsor in Kazakhstan.
All travelers must obtain a Kazakhstani visa before entering the country. Overstaying the validity period of a visa will result in fines and delays upon exit. As a traveler you may be asked to provide proof at the border of your onward travel arrangements. Whatever you do, you are advised not hand over your passport at arrival!
For complete information concerning entry requirements, U.S. citizens should contact the Kazakhstani Embassy in Washington, or the Kazakhstani Consulate in New York.