Pronunciation is simply the way in which words and phrases are spoken.
For more, see Pronunciation in English.
Students learning English are often described as Beginners, Intermediate or Advanced. Roughly speaking this is their level, i.e. how much English they know, how well they can speak and understand and so on.
For more, see Learner Levels in TEFL.
TEFL stands for Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Simply put, this is usually used to talk about teaching English to people who live in a non-English speaking country and who want to learn English for business or to take an exam, etc.
It is pretty much equivalent to TESOL and TESL.
For more, see TEFL - Teaching English as a Foreign Language.
Telephone (US name) or Chinese Whispers (as the game is known in the UK) is a simple game which can be used to fill a few minutes at the end of the lesson.
Playing the Game
Write down a phrase on a piece of paper. Depending on the level of the class make this as simple or as complex as they can manage.
Get the students in a row and whisper the phrase to the first student. This first student then whispers it to the next student who whispers it to the next and so on till the final student hears the phrase, goes to the board and writes it down.
Then you write down the phrase on the paper and compare them.
The chances are – especially if you have a good opening phrase – that the final phrase will bear little or no resemblance to the original. You can choose your words carefully here to point out common pronunciation errors in English and of course use words the students may need to revise and check.
One additional bonus for the TEFL classroom is that students must be very quiet; they must also speak slowly and carefully and listen carefully to what is being said.
Picture Whispers is a good variation to try out.
Divide the class into teams. At the front of the class put a picture on a desk. The first student in each group runs forward and looks at the picture, they must then go back and tell the second in line one element of the picture to pass down the line; the last person in the line must draw it.
- There’s a round table at the bottom of the picture.
- There are 3 stick people around the table; the one in the middle is a woman.
And so on. The teams have 5 minutes to complete the picture and, of course, if the drawer needs help or clarification of a point they must pass a message back up the line to the first student.
The winner is the team which has a picture most resembling the one at the front of the class.
If you arrange the students in a circle, you can start sending one message one way and a completely different message another way. They will cross in the middle and often get confused at this point.
With younger students, it can also be fun to add a “face” to the message: the message is passed on literally face-to-face but with an expression added, e.g. big smile, grimace, one eye shut and the other open, etc.
What’s in a Name?
Some people think the term, Chinese Whispers is offensive to Chinese people. Please take a look at our blog on this and take the poll to let us know what you think.Sambhu Sankar