To read about working here, see Teaching English in Australia.
To read about working here, see Teaching English in Asia.
To read about working here, see Teaching English in Spain.
A Noun is a major part of speech; a good, general, definition of a noun is that it is something which is used to name an object or thing:
car, door, elephant...
For more, see Nouns in English Grammar.
A Proper Noun is a special type of
Tom Cruise, Spain, Alexander the Great, Pluto…
Proper nouns help identify a particular person, place, object or animal because they tell us their name.
Compare these statements:
I met a girl yesterday
(very general information, which girl do we mean, it could be one of many)
I met the girl next door yesterday.
(more descriptive information, I've narrowed it down a bit)
I met Sue yesterday.
(precise information, we both know who Sue is so we know exactly the girl we're talking about)
As with people, when we talk about a place which does not have a name, we use a common noun; if it has a name we use a proper noun.
For example, we say:
prison, hospital, house
but we talk about
Wandsworth Prison, St Guy's Hospital, The White House
How to Recognize a Proper Noun
Proper nouns always begin with a
Queen Victoria, Cleopatra, Buddha, London, Australia, Mars, Asia, Freddie Kruger
Cleopatra was the last active pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
The Roman emperors Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony both fell in love with Cleopatra.
It is said that Cleopatra died from an asp's bite.